The roots of offline poker is to be found in North America, although several elements present in poker is found in European and Asian game as well. One of the oldest known texts that mentions poker is Jonathan H. Greens book “An Exposure of the Arts and Miseries of Gambling” from 1843. According to Green, the Mississippi riverboats were instrumental in spreading the game of poker throughout the United States.
During the Gold Rush, poker spread westwards and became a part of the Wild West. It was during this time that the flush (five cards of the same suit) was introduced to the game.
The oldest variant of poker is basic straight poker. A complete hand is dealt to each player, and then there’s a betting round. Today, this type of poker is unusual in casinos offering offline poker and it is also difficult to find online.
The second oldest type of offline poker is stud poker, where a combination of face-up and face-down cards are dealt in a prearranged combination. After each deal, there is a betting round. The most popular type of offline poker of this variety is arguably 7 Card Stud.
Draw poker is a poker variant where each player receives a full hand and is allowed to exchange unwanted cards for new cards from the deck. The most popular type of offline poker from the category is 5 Card Draw.
Community Card Poker is a very new type of poker compared to straight, stud and draw poker. Examples of famous community card poker games are Texas Hold’em and Omaha Hold’em. In community card poker, each player receives an incomplete hand before community cards are placed on the table. Any player is allowed to (in some games required to) use the community cards to form his or her poker hand.
The most famous offline poker tournament is undoubtedly the World Series of Poker (WSOP) Main Event. This offline poker tournament has been played since the early 1970s and has a $10 000 buy-in. It is a No Limit Texas Hold’em tournament that attracts everything from poker professionals to recreational players.
Since the early 2000’s, it has been possible to get to WSOP Main Event by qualifying online. This connection between offline poker and online poker is one of several key factors behind the poker boom of the mid-2000’s. Today, it is possible to qualify online for a long row of offline poker tournaments, such as World Poker Tour (WPT), European Poker Tour (EPT), Aussie Millions, Asia Pacific Poker Tour (APPT), Unibet Open, and Latin America Poker Tour (LAPT). Online qualifiers to offline poker tours will normally not only receive entrance to the tournament, but also be given free airline tickets, hotel nights, meals, pocket money, etc. This has made expensive offline poker tournaments in exotic locations come within the reach of ordinary everyday hobby players with modest bankrolls.